LUCERNE

LUCERNE (Ger. Luzern), city in the canton of the same name, central Switzerland. Jews were first mentioned in Lucerne in 1252, when the terms of their protection were defined. During the 14th century, a fine was prescribed for anyone perpetrating a blood libel against the Jews without previously notifying the council. A regulation of 1310 deals with the sale of meat from animals slaughtered by Jews. The Jews, who were authorized to possess real estate, were principally engaged in moneylending. During the massacres following the black death (1348–49) the community came to an end; the town was compelled to indemnify the duke of Austria for the losses he had thus incurred. In 1381, there were once more Jews living in Lucerne. A few Jewish physicians practiced there during the 15th and 16th centuries. In the mid-17th century, Jewish livestock merchants again appeared at the local markets. Some Jews, mainly from Alsace and Endingen/Lengnau , visited markets in the canton Lucerne in the 18th and 19th centuries, though not without arousing a certain degree of opposition. The local community was founded in 1866, but never developed to any considerable extent. In 1912, a synagogue was erected in the style of the Orthodox synagogue of Frankfurt/Friedberger Anlage. The leading family was the Erlangers, immigrating from South-Baden Gailingen. Abraham Erlanger became Orthodox and gave the community its special imprint already in the 1920s. In 1936 the oratory was devastated by Swiss Fascists. From 1958 there was a small Lithuanian-type yeshivah ketanah in Lucerne moving later to nearby Kriens. For some years a beth jacob seminary for teaching Orthodox girls existed. The community became more Orthodox (ḥaredi) in the 1980s, so that some of its members left and joined communities in Zurich. In the Lucerne canton 399 persons declared themselves as Jewish in 2000; 200 were members of the community (2004). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schweizerischer Israelitischer Gemeindebund, Festschrift zum 50-jaehrigen Bestehen (1954); A. Weldler-Steinberg, Geschichte der Juden in der Schweiz, 2 vols. (1966/70), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Germ Jud, 2 (1968); Germ. Jud, 3:2 (1998), index, S.V. Luzern; R.U. Kaufmann, Juden in Luzern (1984); E. Hurwitz, Bocksfuss, Schwanz und Hörner, (1986, memoirs); R. Erlanger, Stammbaum und Chronik der Familie Abraham Erlanger: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Juden in Luzern und Gailingen (1998). (Simon R. Schwarzfuchs / Uri Kaufmann (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lucerne — • Chief town of the Canton of Lucerne in Switzerland Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lucerne     Lucerne     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lucerne — ist die französische/englische Schreibung für Luzern Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Lucerne (Arkansas) Lucerne (Colorado) Lucerne (Indiana) Lucerne (Kalifornien) Lucerne (Louisiana) Lucerne (Missouri) Lucerne (Ohio) Lucerne (Pennsylvania)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LUCERNE — Ville de contact entre les Alpes et le Moyen Pays suisses Lucerne (allemand: Luzern) est établie comme Annecy, Genève ou Zurich dans un site classique de débouché lacustre, là où les voies d’eau et de terre, venant de la montagne, s’irradient en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lucerne — Lucerne, WY U.S. Census Designated Place in Wyoming Population (2000): 525 Housing Units (2000): 224 Land area (2000): 19.790164 sq. miles (51.256286 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.650437 sq. miles (1.684623 sq. km) Total area (2000): 20.440601 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lucerne, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 2870 Housing Units (2000): 1814 Land area (2000): 6.108969 sq. miles (15.822157 sq. km) Water area (2000): 13.365606 sq. miles (34.616758 sq. km) Total area (2000): 19.474575 sq. miles …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lucerne, MO — U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 92 Housing Units (2000): 53 Land area (2000): 0.249003 sq. miles (0.644915 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.249003 sq. miles (0.644915 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Lucerne, WY — U.S. Census Designated Place in Wyoming Population (2000): 525 Housing Units (2000): 224 Land area (2000): 19.790164 sq. miles (51.256286 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.650437 sq. miles (1.684623 sq. km) Total area (2000): 20.440601 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • lucerne — LUCERNE, ville et Canton en Suisse, Lucerna. Ceux de Lucerne, Lucernani, Lucernates …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Lucerne — (s. ⇨ Laterne). 1. Ein Lucern beleucht andern den Weg aber sich selbst nicht. (S. ⇨ Laterne 1.) – Lehmann, 461, 10. 2. Ein schön Lucern hat offt kein Liecht. – Lehmann, 163, 12. 3. Mancher will andern mit seiner finstern Lucerne ein Licht… …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Lucerne — Lu cerne, n. (Bot.) See {Lucern}, the plant. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.